5 SURVIVAL TIPS
Build a Solar Still
A solar still is one of the best methods for obtaining water in apparently dry areas. In a low, unshaded area, dig a hole 1 1/2 feet deep and 3 feet in diameter. Place a can or jar in the center of the hole and cover the hole with a large sheet of plastic, sealing the edges with dirt and rocks. Put a rock in the center of the plastic directly above the container. Moisture is drawn from the earth beneath the plastic and condenses on the underside of the sheet. The water then runs down and drips into your container. Greenery, such as chunks of cactus, lining the hole will increase production. Depending on conditions, you might produce one pint to one quart of water daily.
Rig a Snare
In a survival situation, snares are a good way to catch some food. They can be made from wire, fishing line, twine, strips of leather or cloth, rope or even shoelaces.
Step One: When using wire or other stiff material, bend the tip over and twist several times to form an eye. Then run the wire's other end through the eye to form the noose. When using more plant materials, make a slipknot. Step Two: Suspend the noose in a game trail, den hole entrance, or other spot where animals are likely to pass. The noose should be large enough for the animal's head to pass through, but not its shoulders, so i will draw tight and hold the forward-moving animal Step 3: Attach by tree or a stake driven into the ground. Check them frequently.
Get Your Bearings
One way to determine direction without the aid of a compass is to drive a straight 3 foot long stick into the ground in a sunny location and set a stone where the tip of its shadow falls on the ground. Wait 20 minutes and then place another rock in the spot where the tip of the shadow has moved. The first marker indicates the was end of a line running between west end of a line running between two rocks; the second marks, the east.
Directions by Watch
You can use a watch that has hour and minute hands to get an accurate indication of north and south (depending on which hemisphere you are in). The technique is most reliable on a clear day when you can see the sun, but if it's cloudy simply look for the brightest area of the sky. Northern Hemisphere: Point the hour hand of your watch at the sun. South will be halfway between the hour hand and the 12 o'clock mark. Southern Hemisphere: Point the 12'oclock mark of your watch at the sun. North lies halfway between 12 and the hour hand.
Build a Bivouac
Bivouacs reflect a fire's warmth, serve as a windbreak and provide overhead shelter in emergency situations. They can be erected without tools in an hour if you are in the area with downed timber - less if you find a makeshift ridgepole such as a leaning or partly fallen tree to support the boughs. Step One: Wedge a ridgepole into the lower forks of two closely growing trees ( one end can rest on the ground, if necessary), or support each end of the ridgepole with a tripod of upright poles lashed together near the top. Step Two: Tilt branches or lies against the ridgepole to make a frame. To strengthen it, interlace boughs through the poles a right angles. Step three: Thatch the lean-to with slabs of bark and/or leafy or pine needle branches. Chink with sod moss or snow to further insulate.